Django - How To Create A Minimal Django Project
mkdir project && cd project python3 -m venv venv source venv/bin/activate pip install django django-admin startproject main . python manage.py runserver django-admin startapp base django-admin startapp blog
Create the project folder:
mkdir project && cd project
Create a virtual environment:
python3 -m venv venv
This creates the environment in the venv folder. Note that in this example we created the venv folder in the same folder with the source code of the project. If you are using git, make sure you add the venv folder in the .gitignore file.
Activate the virtual environment:
You should now see (venv) in the terminal to indicate that the environment is active.
pip install django
This will download the latest Django package inside the activated virtual environment. (project/venv/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django)
pip is a package manager for Python.
Use pip freeze > requirements.txt to store package information in the requirements file and move that file to the testing / production environment with git. In the target environment run pip install -r requirements to install the packages listed in that file.
Create the project file structure:
django-admin startproject main .
This creates the basic stucture for a Django project. main is the main app that contains things like the project settings.py file.
django-admin is a command line tool for administrative tasks. Each generated Django project has a manage.py file that replicates the django-admin functionality.
Now you should have this kind of file structure:
project ├── main │ ├── __init__.py │ ├── settings.py │ ├── urls.py │ └── wsgi.py ├── manage.py └── venv ├── bin ├── include ├── lib ├── pip-selfcheck.json └── pyvenv.cfg
Run the development server:
python manage.py runserver
Visit http://127.0.0.1:8000/ to see the welcome page.
Use this server just for development. It's not suitable for production.
Start creating apps for the project:
django-admin startapp base django-admin startapp blog
Now you should have a folder stucture like this:
project ├── base ├── blog ├── main ├── manage.py └── venv
Consider creating a re-usable base app for base templates and other global files (like css and js).
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